Steve Rattner makes some interesting points in this oped from the other day on how globalization has been pretty punishing to the real incomes of many in the middle class (“real” in that sentence is important—it means that even with the benefits of lower prices from the increased supply of goods, middle-income families have struggled—turns out people are not just consumers…they’re workers too…who knew!?).
There are two things in the piece with which I’d take issue, though. Rattner—and he’s not the only one; I’ve heard this from lots of people—argues that given the decline in American manufacturing, we’re going to need to offset the damage of imbalanced trade with service exports.
“While America still leads in sectors like defense and aviation, our greatest strength, and a source of high-paying jobs, lies in service industries with high intellectual content, like education, entertainment, digital media, and yes, even financial services. Facebook, Google and Microsoft are all American creations, as are the global credit card companies American Express, Visa and MasterCard.”
But as the figure below shows, that is a very tall order, given the difference in magnitudes between our trade deficits in goods which is much larger than our surpluses in services. Steve’s right to emphasize the benefits of service exports, but realistically, it will be many years before they can plausibly offset goods deficits.
Source: Census Bureau
A better plan would be to boost both goods and services exports, and getting the exchange rate right on the dollar would help a lot in that regard. That strategy is important also because the folks who work in these two sectors—manufacturing and tradable services—have pretty different profiles, and we’ve got to worry the jobs prospects of those displaced from the factory sector.
Second point: again, Steve’s not at all alone in advocating for a more highly educated workforce, but he blows by an amazingly sobering statistic:
Achieving higher wages also requires a greater commitment to education; wages for those with college degrees rose 1.4 percent between 2000 and 2010, after inflation.
That’s not 1.4% per year—it’s 1.4% over 10 years! 0.1% per year…OMG—that’s the big freakin’ payoff!!
Now, there’s no question that college grads did better than high school grads, whose real wages fell by 2% over these years (see the data table below). And no question that we’re better off with a more skilled workforce. But a 1.4% median wage gain over 10 years for college grads is not part of the solution…it’s part of the problem.